Xi'an Dictionary

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    Xi'an Dictionary


    Xē’suelen! Welcome to the Xi’an dictionary. In it, you will find a compilation Xi’an words, along with their translations. The legend at the top serves as a guide to the abbreviations for parts of speech used throughout the dictionary. This is a living document. It will change as the Xi’an and their language are developed.

    If you’d like to participate in the development of the Xi’an language, we’d love to have your input! Please visit the Xi’an Language subgroup in Spectrum and introduce yourself. You can also discuss the development of the dictionary, discuss the language and culture, and look up useful resources.

    Until next time, yanlēkol!

    Abbreviation Part of Speech
    cnj. Conjunction
    clq. Colloquial
    col. Color
    con.CAS Conversational Phrase (Casual)
    con.FOR Conversational Phrase (Formal)
    con.SEMFOR Conversational Phrase (Semi-formal)
    deix. Deixis (Indicates distance from speaker or current point in time)
    elm. Elemental (more commonly referred to as tai when discussing Xi’an grammar)
    elm.CMP Elemental Compound (typically behave like a normal tai in sentences)
    elm.CMP.for Formal Elemental Compound
    elm.SRV Elemental from the Service Dialect
    idm. Idiom
    line Xi’an family Clan Name
    n. Noun
    name A name (Term of address for another person)
    nlz. Turns a tai or phrase overtly into a noun.
    nlz.ClT Enclitic Nominalizer (Binds to the front of tai to make them into nouns.)
    num. Number
    pn. Pronoun
    PN. Proper Noun (Name)
    PN.feml Proper Noun (Female Name)
    PN.male Proper Noun (Male Name)
    pn.NEU Neutral/Polite Pronoun (Safe for everyday use.)
    pn.PEJ Pejorative Pronoun (Caution. Highly insulting.)
    pn.REV.for Formal Reverential Pronoun (Rare in normal conversation.)
    PN.role Proper Noun (Occupation (Part of common Xi’an names. Comes before the personal name.))
    pn.SRV Service Dialect Pronoun (Sometimes used when speaking the Proper language.)
    POS Part of Speech
    Q Question Term
    Q.sffx Question Term-forming Suffix
    rel. Relational Particle
    slng.GEN General Slang
    slng.SRV Service Dialect Slang
    v.FAM Familiar Verb Form (Use only with close friends or family members.)
    v.IMP Imperial Verb Form (Required when speaking about the Emperor or Empress)
    v.LAUD Laudative Verb Form (Used to praise people, things, situations, etc. Never use when referring to yourself.)
    v.NEU Neutral/Polite Verb Form (For everday use in public.)
    v.PEJ Pejorative Verb Form (Used to criticize or humiliate. (Do not use if not fluent.))
    v.REV Reverential Verb Form (Used to express deference or humility to listeners.)
    vcp. Verb Clarifying Particle (tai used to augment verb mood, aspect, etc. Immediately follows the verb.)

    – (∅ o) v.FAM do (the o is dropped /null, missing/ in the Familiar verb paradigm)
    vcp. [imperfective/progressive/contiuative] .āl
    elm. continuation; (forward) movement
    .a’u elm. here/this
    .ā’u pn. this (thing)
    .aiy’a pn. yon thing
    .ām col. niveous
    .ath elm. getting along; managing; faring
    .ath’a cnj. and fittingly; and so; then (after “if”-clasue)
    .au’o elm. ice; snow; frozen liquid
    .axy.oa? con.CAS Ça va? How’s it going? (cf: o .ath .u m.uexy.oa?)
    .ay’ā elm. dream; see a vision
    .ay’o pn. that (thing)
    v.REV eminate/reflect
    .e’o elm. there/that (near the listener)
    .eu’a deix. that distant (after an indicated noun)
    .ey’o deix. that (near you) (after an indicated noun)
    .i elm. choice; selection
    .i’a elm. there/that (away from both speaker and listener)
    .ii elm. multiply; duplicate; breed
    .ithl’e’a elm.CMP moral; ethical; “the right choice”
    v.REV do
    .oa’i rel. until
    .ōn col. viridian
    .u’a elm. over there/that (remote (and out of view or reach))
    .u’uth elm.CMP also (as an adverb)
    .uai elm. go
    .Uy’ii PN.feml Uyíí
    (h)ai pn.SRV you
    [V.] sā tao’ra idm. “perhaps one day ____”
    a elm. object; tangible thing
    a. nlz.CLTC [concrete/tangible thing; object]
    a.thl’ē’kol con.FOR “Goodbye; Farewell”
    a’k.ii elm. aunt (mother’s or grandmother’s younger sister when elder)
    a’ki elm. aunt (mother’s or grandmother’s younger sister)
    a’o.u’a pn. that thing beyond
    a’ran elm. tenacious; stubborn; relentless
    a’xy.oa Q. what (concrete) thing?
    a” elm. fit; fit into
    ahual elm.CMP anything (any physical thing)
    ahyan elm.CMP everything (of physical things)
    Āi PN.feml Aai
    aith elm. health; good health; healthy
    al rel. out; outside
    al elm. outgoing; external; projecting externally; depart; exit; export
    āl elm. sub conscious meditation; fugue meditation; reverie
    aloa elm.CMP meal (also atenloa in more formal contexts)
    alye’lye elm.CMP arrow; spear
    ān pn.SRV we (exclusive)
    an” vcp. [conditonal (“when”)] an’lai (often followed by .ath’a)
    an” elm. inevitability
    ang nlz. [noun phrase clause head]
    ao elm. company; corporation; corporate; business entity
    aryā’su elm.CMP flavor or smell (of food, etc.); trace (of something no longer present)
    ateyā elm.CMP the thing preferred; the preference; what ‘I’ want.
    cha v.FAM cause/produce/effect
    chā’e elm. eye; vision; look at; regard; spy
    chai elm. technology; hyper-complex tool
    chai elm. informatics; technology; engineering
    chainunya elm.CMP robot; (speficially an android)
    chao elm. organization (for societal good)
    che’a num. million 1,000,000
    che’aile’a num. 6,000,000
    che’aile’a u le’a num. 6,000,006
    che’ny.ax’ē elm.CMP society; societal (chen nya xē”)
    chen elm. life and its associated experiences; live (one’s life)
    chi vcp. [temporal inflective] chil
    chi elm. now (in juxtaposition to the immediate past)
    chi’a v.LAUD equate
    chi’sa elm. facet; aspect; attribute
    Chii line Chii
    chii’hua elm. zesty; spicy
    ching elm. true; truth
    chō’a elm. thanks; appreciation; gratitude
    cho’ro slng.GEN we inclusive (dual (pejorative)) slang (I + you)
    chong pn.PEJ I (note: only in specific cases)
    chu’a v.FAM be of a class
    chu’ro slng.GEN we inclusive (plural (pejorative)) slang (we (exclu.) + you)
    chuai elm. rock; stone
    chuaihyao elm.CMP asteroid
    chuao elm. give (sense of “a gift”; something beneficial; donattion; grant)
    chue pn.PEJ we (note: only in specific cases)
    chui elm. water; liquid
    Chy.ōn.uā name step-mother (mother’s spouse who does not parent you directly)
    Chy.ōny.ū name step-father (mother’s spouse who does not parent you directly)
    Chya’na name “Mommy” (pre-Service)
    chye’o elm. large city; metropolis
    chyi elm. “parent” (member of a mother’s pyā’hai); nurture
    Chyi’n.ā name “Mom” (post-Service)
    Chyi’y.ū name “Dad” (post-Service)
    Chyu’i name “Daddy” (pre-Service)
    e v.NEU eminate/reflect
    e v.FAM eminate/reflect
    e rel. of
    e (e’.ā) yo” idm. stay alive; survive; live (especially of the elderly)
    e huang (yo X)/(ang X) idm. important that
    e ngiing (yo X)/(ang X) idm. doubtful that
    e ngimyā (yo X)/(ang X) idm. imperative that/a must that
    e ngisū (yo X)/(ang X) idm. certain that
    e ngisya (yo X)/(ang X) idm. necessary that
    e ngye’a (yo X)/(ang X) idm. likely that
    e pyan .u po _____ idm. intuit that X; sense that X
    e ta’kya idm. be drunk; be high; be wasted
    e thle’a idm. be proper; be correct;
    e ya’ue (yo X)/(ang X) idm. possible that
    e yal idm. be conscious; have consciousness
    e yo hyē idm. be simple
    e yo to’ath idm. lack a talent for X
    e yo tūn idm. simpleminded; be dumb
    e yo yal idm. lack consciousness
    e.ny’ii elm. biological sibling (younger)
    e’a vcp. [predictable (“likely”)] e’al
    e’a elm. likely; predictable but not assured
    e’e [pred.] .u _____ [subj.] idm. resemblance; X resembles Y in Z
    E’n.ā name Little Sis (endearment term from older sibling to younger sister as an adult)
    E’na name Lil’ Sis (enderment term from older sister or brother to younger sister)
    e’nu elm. minor; lesser; smaller; enclosed; inferior; encompassed
    e’so col. transparent; clear
    E’ui name Lil’ Bro (endearent term from older sister or brother to younger brother)
    e’xyoa? con.CAS “How are you? (feeling)”
    E’y.ū name Little Brother (endearment term from older sibling to youger brother as an adult)
    en elm. pyā’hai sibling (younger)
    gu pn.SRV It (inanimate)
    gun pn.SRV they (inanimate)
    h.ān elm. internal turmoil; being conflicted
    h.eng elm. broken; break; flaw; inconsistency
    h.ey’an elm. patience; waiting patiently
    h.uet’eth col. aurulent
    h.ūn elm. labor; work (manual work)
    hā’a elm. excess; over; excessive; exceed
    ha’ha vcp. [moderate emphatic]
    ha’nue elm. excited; engaged; turned on; enthusiastic
    ha” vcp. [strong emphatic]
    hai elm. confidant; buddy; friendship with trust
    hao v.LAUD be of a class
    he’.u’i rel. on top of; on (touching)
    he’o elm. dedicaiton; commmitment; commit to
    he’u rel. above
    hi’cho elm. kit; set of tools; gear
    hi’ho elm. infant cousin (neice or nephew) “any baby to whom one is related”
    hii elm. younger juvenile cousin of a juvenile
    Hiin line Hiin
    ho elm. quiet; silent; secret; hidden
    ho’a rel. right of; on the right of; toward the right
    hon vcp. [tendential (“tendency”)]; X tends to do/be Y
    hoth elm. read
    hu num. zero 0
    hū’hu tā’ta elm. so so; mediocre; not good and not bad
    huā elm. most; (superlative)
    hua’ua elm. humor; joke; funny
    hual elm. any; whichever; whatever
    huang elm. important; importance; matter; import
    hue rel. between (2); among (many)
    huen elm. split; share; divide
    hui elm. system; organized set; layout
    hui’a elm. contemplate; conscious meditation; iterative thought
    huiāl elm.CMP explore through meditative contemplation
    huiso’a elm.CMP musculature
    huitā elm.CMP neighborhood
    huitia elm.CMP mathematics
    huityunguo’a elm.CMP grammar (of a language)
    hung elm. older; senior; sr.; high in status; high-grade
    huo elm. hearing; audio input
    hyan elm. each; every
    hyao elm. sky; space (outer space); the area between planets.
    hyaokyu elm.CMP sky (daytime) on a world with an atmosphere
    hyaotan elm.CMP outer space; (“the black sky”)
    hyath elm. military
    hyē elm. complexity
    Hyen” line Hyén
    hyi elm. prestige; fame
    hyo elm. sphere; spherical; orb; ball
    hyopyen elm.CMP ammunition; bullets; ammo (hyopy.enr’o)
    hyothen elm.CMP eyeball
    Hyū’mân elm. empire; kingdom
    hyūn elm. part; role; function
    i” elm. touch; contact with X
    ia elm. “epic” (holy, in the sense of ‘beyond belief’)
    ii elm. light; brightness; shine
    ii’a elm.CMP plant (generic term for plant); flora (juxtaposed to fauna)
    ii’lio elm.CMP moss; lichen
    ii’sauo elm.CMP tree or very large bush
    ii’sauo elm.CMP tree
    ii’ten elm.CMP vegetable; fruit; edible leaves; etc.
    ii’tung elm.CMP plant; bush; groundcover
    ii”. nlz.CLTC [vegitation; plant; tree; moss; lichen, etc.]
    IIth PN.feml Iith
    ing vcp. [dubiative (“dout”)]
    ing elm. doubt
    Jh’an elm.SRV Xi’an
    k.ay’o deix. there (near you the listener or where we both can see IÕm indicating)
    k.et’ao elm. promise; assure
    k.eth elm. weapon; simple weapon (as a knife; club; (with no moving parts))
    k.ik’a elm. surprise (happy; positive)
    K.om’o PN.feml Komó
    k.ua num. five 5
    k.ur’a elm. excitement; intense physical or mental joy; exciting
    k.yāi elm. genuine fear; being frightened; afraid; fright
    k’ya elm. fighting; fight; battle
    ka rel. in; at; on
    ka’hual elm.CMP anywhere
    ka’i.y’a deix. yonder (far away from both of us, but at a perceptible distance)
    ka’lye elm.CMP goal; destination; target
    ka’o.u’a deix. beyond (so far away that we cannot see or easily reach that place)
    ka’uōng elm. toilette room; place to relieve onself
    ka’xy.oa Q. where?
    ka” elm. place; location
    ka”ii’a elm.CMP farm for crops
    ka”ma’a elm.CMP animal farm
    kāi elm. maintain; maintenance; repair
    kal’tu n. dire fly (a deadly flying insectoid)
    kao” deix. here (near me the speaker)
    kar’tu n. dire fly (variant pronunciation of kal’tu)
    ke’u elm. size
    ken elm. long (of a physical thing); tall (of a person or animal)
    ki’a vcp. [abstractive; metaphorical mood] ki’al
    ki’m.ethl’e elm.CMP headache
    ki’meth elm. pain; physical suffering
    ki” elm. attach; hook up; hook into; plug in
    kii’uo elm. intoxicating; aluring; draw; charm; seduction
    kiil col. cerulean
    Kl.ō line Kloh
    kl.u’i rel. touching or attached or riding on the back of
    kl.u’o elm.CMP previous (in sequence) klu + o”
    Kli’thla PN.male Klithla
    klo elm. ground; surface of a planet; touching down
    klu rel. behind
    ko vcp. [preistantiative (“already”] kol (“not yet”)
    ko’i rel. into (sense of dividing)
    ko’t.a elm. question; inqiry; inquisitive
    ko” elm. distance
    koa elm. race
    kōl elm. positivity; approval; satisfaction
    kon elm. get; acquire; obtain; buy
    Kr.ē line Kray
    Kr.ū PN.male Krew
    kr.ūth elm. death; dead; die; perish
    kra’pāng elm.CMP extatic; bliss; exultant
    kran elm. work (non-laborious); mental focus and effort; contribution to society
    kren elm. enough; suffice; sufficient
    kri elm. sense of one’s genuine feelings juxtaposed against what society might consider proper and polite
    ku pn.NEU It (inanimate)
    num. ten thousand 10,000
    ku’ya elm. rude; impolite
    kua elm. feeling (opinon; non-religious belief based on experience)
    kuai vcp. [passive/ergative]
    kuair elm. class of light (space) fighter; also scalpel; blade (for surgery) alt: QHIRE (marketing spelling)
    kuām rel. beyond
    kuāo elm. ancient word for a defunct Xi’an currency; slang for money; “dough, bills, etc.”; idiom e yo kuāo y.ui ____ “don’t have it in one to do something about ________”
    kuaxue’a elm.CMP neophyte; inexperienced; novice (nyakuaxue’a)
    kue” elm. force; thrust; push
    kuen elm. money; currency; credit(s)
    kui elm. amount
    kui’xy.oa Q how much (volume)?
    kuihual elm.CMP any amount; however much
    kuing elm. practice; exercise
    kum pn.NEU they (inanimate)
    kuo. nlz.CLTC [complex tool for X]
    kuōa n. computer
    Kuoth line Quoth
    kuoxuan elm.CMP complex game; video game console; jet ski, etc. for entertainment
    kuth col. xanthic
    kye elm. letter; character; glyph; symbol
    Kye’na name “Daughter” (endearment term for non-biological daughter)
    kye’nua elm.CMP pyā’hai daughter
    kyen’yu elm.CMP pyā’hai son
    Kyen’yu name “Son” (endearment term for non-biological son)
    kyen” elm. non-biological child within a pyā’hai (kye’nua (d.), kyen’yu)
    kyexiin elm.CMP script; alphabetic letter
    kyi elm. breath; breathing; respiraiton; sigh
    kyi’yāngp.uāng elm.CMP snoring; making breathing noises while asleep
    kyo elm. department; group; section; troup
    kyu elm. air (to breathe); gas
    kyun num. ten 10
    kyuni’pu.ai num. thirty 30…
    kyunisyen num. twenty 20
    L.ao PN.male Lao
    l.ea elm. feeling (emotional status)
    l.ō v.REV be of a class
    l.o’a num. nine 9
    L’ai elm.CMP “Boy”/Grand-son (endearment term from grandmother to child or adult)
    la elm. open
    elm. art
    La’na elm.CMP “Girl”/Grand-daughter (endearment term from grandmother to child or adult)
    la’nua elm.CMP grand-daughter
    lang’yōn elm.CMP quasi-grand-child
    lang’yōnua elm.CMP quasi-grand-daughter
    lang’yōnyu elm.CMP quasi-grand-son
    lang’yu elm.CMP grand-son
    lang” elm. grand-child
    pn.NEU you
    le’a num. six 6
    le” elm. head (of a body); center (of an activity); central
    len elm. peace; peaceful; without issue; smooth
    leth elm. speed; fast; quickly
    li’chen elm.CMP “one’s life” – the course of life that a person lives including experiences
    li’o elm. flat; low to the ground
    li” elm. one’s path in life; the course of one’s life
    lo v.NEU be of a class
    lo’e rel. in; into (sense of putting inside or entering)
    loa elm. eat; drink; consume; swallow
    lū’.i’a elm. pray; prayer; entreatment to the supernatural
    lu” elm. town; medium-sized city
    lua pn.REV It (inanimate)
    luai elm. alien; foreign; strange
    luam pn.REV they (inanimate)
    lue elm. relate; relate to; be realated to; connect; relationship; connection
    lui elm. knife; cut; slice
    lūl col. ianthine
    lung elm. guess; estimate; approximate; roughly; more-or-less
    Lyā line Lyaa
    lye rel. targeting; focusing on (from lye’lye)
    lye’lye elm. direct; direcly; directness; n. “arrow” alyelye
    lyii num. hundred 100
    lyon elm. advice; counsel; recommendation (when asked); analysis
    m.a pn.SRV he/she
    m..aman” slng.SRV “crazy like a human” (positive connotation when having a good time)
    m.an pn.SRV they
    m.oa elm. all, whole, entirety; complete
    m.oat’en elm.CMP almost all; almost to the last
    m.ue elm. method
    m.ueh’ual elm.CMP any way
    m.uexy.oa Q. how (which method)?
    m.ūng elm. sadness; gloom; depression
    ma. nlz.CLTC [animal; creature (incablabe of communication with people)]
    ma’a elm.CMP animal (generic term); fauna (juxtaposed to flora)
    ma’ma slng.SRV “beast, monster” (a person behavng like an animal; out of her/his mind)
    mā’nga elm. struggle; challenge
    mām elm. rich; hearty; full; robust
    maten elm.CMP meat; animal parts eaten as food; animal protein
    maxyiing elm.CMP wild animal; beast; monster; monsterous
    men elm. juvenile cousin, niece or nephew (of an adult)
    mo vcp. [presumptive (“seeming”/“apparent”]
    mo elm. appearance; seem; seems (VCP)
    mo’u v.LAUD try/attempt (››› yo _____)
    mu’.a’ōng elm.CMP indulgence; guilty pleasure
    mu’a elm. pleasure; delight
    mua elm. small town; village
    my.ū elm. aunt (mother’s older sister when elder)
    mya elm. clean; untained; cleanliness
    myā vcp. [firm imperative] myāl
    myii’sa elm. yawn; yawning; displaying exhaustion
    myu elm. aunt (mother’s or grandmother’s older sister)
    n.ao elm. tint; color
    n.eng elm.CMP visit; travel to
    N.il’ē PN.feml Niley
    v.FAM want/desire (››› yo _____)
    na” vcp. [interrogative]
    nai elm. grasp; perception; understanding; having caught soemthing (said or presented visually))
    nai’an rel. in exchange for
    Nai’na name “Sweetie” (to a female from a male or female)
    nai’yeth elm.CMP knowledge and understanding (knowing grasp)
    naihuo elm.CMP having heard something; catching something by hearing it
    nāl elm. piloting (in 3D space)
    nāl elm. piloting; flying (in 3D space)
    ne’a rel. left of; on the left of; toward the left
    Nē” PN.feml Nay
    Ng.ām PN.male Ngaam
    ngā’l.o elm. honor; respect (external (between parties))
    ngi elm. essence; core; central concept; constitution; crux
    ngi. nlz.CLTC [“-ness”/“-ment”/“-cy”]; essence of X
    ngilen elm.CMP peaceful; peace-centric; peace“loving”
    ngisath elm.CMP style; aesthetics; the way something is designed
    ngiti elm.CMP useful; utilitarian; functional
    ngiton elm.CMP full of nourishement; nourishing; energizing
    ngixuthle’a elm.CMP dedication (to an effort or cause); effort
    ngo elm. sweet, as in the sense of a gesture made by a child or a pet animal
    ngua elm. sex; sexuality; sensual; physical pleaure from intimate contact
    ngya vcp. [subjunctive (“if“)] ngyal (often followed by .ath’a)
    ngya elm. ambiguity
    ngyai elm. search (for something); seek out
    ni elm. biological child (daughter (ni’nua) or son (ni’yu))
    ni’nua elm.CMP biological daughter
    ni’yu elm.CMP biological son
    nii elm. just; only; limit
    ning rel. against; opposing (as in battle or negotiations)
    no elm. hand
    elm. detail; precision
    no’a pn.NEU I
    no’e elm. gender; sex; sexual differentiation
    noth vcp. [reccomendational (“suggestion to do X” (to someone else) from noth, suggestion)]
    nu elm. form; shape; in the form of; in the likeness of
    pn.SRV I
    nu’a elm. fresh dead meat ready for consumption
    nua elm. female
    nua.yii” elm. mother (clinical term)
    nua.yii” elm.CMP biological mother, clinical term
    Nua’n.ā name Mother (reverential)
    Nua’n.ā name Mother – The polite & reverant word for another’s mother or one’s own
    Nuana name Mom (post-Service)
    Nuana name Mom – what adults call their mothers affectionately
    nuang cnj. nui + ang (“in order to”)
    nuate’.ah’a n. hot woman; babe; belle
    Nuaxyii’ua PN.role Matriarch
    nui rel. for; toward
    nuika’lye cnj. in order that
    nūn col. luteous
    ny.as’eyo” PN.role EMS
    nya elm. person
    nya. nlz.CLTC [person who does X; “-er”]
    nya.li” PN.role clergy
    nya’h.ūn PN.role laborer
    nyā’i elm.CMP spouse
    nya’m.oa PN.role philosopher
    nya’n.eng elm. visitor; guest
    nya’p.ū PN.role politician
    nya’p.ūh’uesao PN.role diplomat
    nya’s.āth elm.CMP.for “your people” (contraction of nya se s.āth) FORMAL
    nya’t.ōng PN.role caregiver
    nya’t.ōng•’o PN.role supervisor; manager; director (of programs or processes)
    nya’t.ōngn’ya PN.role supervisor; manager; director (of people)
    nya’t.ōngya PN.role (legitimate professional certified) bodyguard
    nya’t.ot’en PN.role farmer
    nya’t.oy’an PN.role teacher
    nya’tye elm.CMP thief; pirate
    nya’xy.oa Q. who?
    nya•o.se” PN.role assistant
    nya•oa PN.role programmer/computation engineer
    nya•osen’p.u PN.role promoter (advertiser, marketer, etc.)
    nya•oten PN.role cook
    nya•otō PN.role financial person
    nyachai PN.role technician
    nyahai elm.CMP friend; trusted ally
    nyahaipāng elm. trusted intimate parter; lover (haipāng colloqially)
    nyahual elm.CMP anyone (any person)
    nyahuitia PN.role mathematician
    nyahyan elm.CMP everyone
    nyāi’na elm.CMP wife
    nyāi’ny.ū elm.CMP “Son in Law” of biological son
    nyāi’nyaiyu elm.CMP “Son in Law” of biological daughter
    nyāi’nyana elm.CMP “Daugher in Law” of biological daughter
    nyāi’nyuna elm.CMP “Daugher in Law” of bioligical son
    nyāi’yu elm.CMP husband
    nyalā PN.role artist
    nyanāl PN.role pilot
    nyapōnghyi PN.role augur (professional mating advisor)
    nyarai PN.role hauler
    nyasaotō PN.role business person
    nyasath PN.role designer
    nyasathtā PN.role architect
    nyasēng PN.role police
    nyatiing PN.role doctor/medic (non-emergency)
    nyatyung PN.role lawyer
    nyaxiin PN.role writer
    nyaxyiing elm.CMP wild person; barbarian; slang for ‘pirate’
    nyaxyo PN.role home-keeper (staff member of an estate)
    nyayan PN.role student
    nyayan’u.ii PN.role scientist
    nyayan•uo’a PN.role linguist
    Nyii’ni name Mommy (pre-Service)
    Nyii’ni name Mommy – what small children call their mothers
    nyo.āng” pn.REV we (exclusive)
    nyo.uē” pn.REV We (inclusive)
    nyo.uēm” pn.REV.for “All of us” (FORMAL)
    nyo’a pn.REV I
    Nyū’nu name “Darling” (to a male from a female)
    nyun elm. room; chamber
    o v.NEU do
    o ta’kya idm. get drunk; get high; get wasted
    ō’nu elm. greater; larger; enclosing; superior; umbrella; encompasing
    o’s.o’e elm.CMP engagement; interaction
    o” elm. order; sequence (ordinal number marker, eg. y.ath’o = first)
    oa elm. information
    okuaichyo’a cnj. however; “that having been just said”
    ōm elm. magnetism; magnet; magnetic; something magnetized
    ōng elm. the self; reflexive
    p.ān elm. explode; “boom”; “bang”
    p.ap’a elm. sameness
    p.oa’u pn. this (idea; situation, condition)
    p.u elm. good
    p.ū elm. politics; government (administrators)
    p.uai num. three 3
    p.uan’i rel. touching or attached to the underside of
    p.uay’a elm. hot (of tempearature)
    p.ue’o pn. that (idea; situation, condition)
    p.ui’a pn. yon somewhat atypical idea; situation, condition
    p.uthl’e’a elm.CMP “good and proper” – beneficent
    pa vcp. [perfective] pal
    pa elm. completion
    pa.pa’ elm.CMP (precisely the) same
    pā’an elm. explode; “boom”; “bang”
    pa” elm. same; repeat
    pān elm. mathematics; math
    pāng elm. sexual activity
    pe pn.PEJ It (inanimate)
    pe’ath col. xanadu
    pem pn.PEJ they (inamt.)
    pen rel. after; following
    peng num. thousand 1,000
    piith elm. line (of something); row; column of writing
    ping elm. small; little; few
    po nlz. [noun phrase clause head for “the case that”]
    po elm. abstract; abstraction; idea or feeling of X
    nlz. po contracted with o
    po. nlz.CLTC [intangible thing or condition; abstract idea]
    pō. nlz.CLTC [act of doing X]
    po’.u’a pn. such an (“out there”) idea; situation, condition
    Po’a line Póa
    po’e nlz. po contracted with e
    po’lo nlz. po contracted with lo
    pō’po elm.CMP intense activity; exertion; effort; going at it; intensity; fervor
    pō’t.ōngp.ū elm.CMP compulsory service to the Empire
    po’to nlz. po contracted with t.o
    po’xy.oa Q. what (abstract) thing?
    pohual elm.CMP anything (any idea; solution; strategy; etc.)
    pohyan elm.CMP everything (of situations or abstractions)
    pok’ya elm.CMP war
    poxu elm.CMP effort; attempt; initiative
    poyai elm.CMP the matter; the topic; the issue
    puan rel. below; underneath
    puāng elm. big; great; many
    Puii line Pwii
    puo elm. ciminal (convictable)
    Puo-________ PN.role Convict employed in _________
    puo’ya elm. surrender; giving up; yield; yielding
    puong elm. mouth
    pyā elm. close-knit group; bond; “family”; team or section in a work environment
    pyā’h.ūn elm.CMP corporate organization term for group; section; team (manual labor focused context)
    pyā’hai elm.CMP “family” — the Xi’an nuclear ‘bond-group’
    pyā’kran elm.CMP corporate organization term for group; section; team (non-labor focused)
    pyen elm. metal; metallic; ore
    pyi elm less
    pyō elm. the last stage of life; extremely elderly;
    r.ai elm. year (Xi’an year)
    r.aiHy’ūm elm.CMP Human year (unit of time)
    r.am v.PEJ be of a class
    r.ānu’in elm.CMP measure of temperature
    r.ao v.PEJ try/attempt (››› yo _____)
    r.ath elm. descend; drop; fall; cascade
    R.ēth PN.male Rayth
    r.o pn.PEJ you
    r.om pn.PEJ y’all
    r.u elm. bad; improper; inferior
    r.uang elm. pardon; forgiveness
    r.uangō’l elm.CMP manners; politeness
    r.uo v.PEJ do
    r.ut’ang elm. strict; rigid; inflexible; harsh
    ra elm. some; indefinite; non-specified
    rai elm. haul; transport; carry (something)
    rān elm. level; degree
    rānke’u elm. the size of an item (like clothing)
    reth v.PEJ eminate/reflect
    ri elm. middle; in the middle; median in status; mid-grade
    ri’.ah’a cnj. even though
    ri’a rel. in the face of; facing; standing before X looking at it; dealing with X
    ri’a elm. face; visage; countenance
    rii v.PEJ cause/produce/effect
    riing v.PEJ please
    rin elm. disrupt; break; destabalize; disturb
    ro’a v.PEJ equate
    ro’ang col. titian
    ro’p.uto’ath PN.role sharpshooter assassin
    Ro’to PN.male Roto
    ro” elm. gun; (complex) weapon
    rōm v.PEJ need (››› yo _____)
    ru elm. pull; attraction; gravity
    Ru’a line Ruah
    run elm. possession; possess; have
    rung elm. tired; exhaustion
    ruo rel. across; on the other side of something
    ruōm elm.CMP magnetic pull
    ryā elm. bright flavor; pungent smell
    ryāi elm. goop; gel; sticky
    ryāithli elm. plasma
    ryath v.PEJ want/desire (››› yo _____)
    ryi elm. bed; cradle; basket; cocoon
    s.ang’i rel. on the front of (touching or attached)
    s.ang’o elm.CMP next (in sequence) sang + o”
    s.ap’ua elm. storm; disturbance
    s.āth pn.REV y’all
    s.eu’a deix. those distant (after an indicated noun)
    s.ey’ā col. vermillion
    s.ey’o deix. those (near you) (after an indicated noun)
    s.o’e elm. reciprication; sharing; back and forth; mutual (se s.o’e = each other’)
    S.oam PN.male Soahm
    s.ōng vcp. [permissive] (“allowed to”)
    s.ōng elm. permission; right; empowerment; allowance
    S.un’a name Big Sis (endearment term from younger sister to older sister)
    S.un’ath PN.feml Sunáth
    s.uny’ii elm. biological sibling (older)
    s.yā v.REV need (››› yo _____)
    s.ya’u deix. these (after an indicated noun)
    s.ye’a deix. those yonder (away from both of us) (after an indicated noun)
    vcp. [potential] sāl
    elm. potential; possibility
    sa’a elm. friend; friendly
    sa’na col. amaranthine
    sa’uo elm. tall; big in stature; “gigantic”
    san elm. ship; craft; vehicle; vessel (for transportation); car; truck
    sān elm. end; ending; finish
    san’hyao elm.CMP flying craft; space-faring vessel
    san’kyu elm.CMP airplane; vehicle that flies in air (only)
    sang rel. in front of
    sao elm. empire; kingdom
    sāo elm. flee; escape; run from danger
    sao’teth elm.CMP planetary empire
    saotō elm.CMP related to the economy
    sath elm. design
    se rel. of (a plural entities)
    sē’a pn.NEU y’all
    Se’ang PN.male Séang
    se’lan pn.NEU they
    se’lanua pn.NEU they (female exclusive overt)
    se’lanyu pn.NEU they (male exclusive overt)
    se’u v.LAUD want/desire (››› yo _____)
    se” elm. assist; help
    sen rel. named/called
    sen elm. name; be called
    sēng elm. protect; defend; vouch for
    Senhyi PN.role “Prestigious Name” (cf: Lord, Lady, Sir)
    senxiin elm.CMP signature; written seal
    si v.FAM equate
    si’pe elm. hot
    si’ping elm.CMP warm
    siin elm. older juvenile cousin of a juvenile
    so rel. with; accompanying
    so’a elm. muscle; muscle tissue
    So’lo name “My Elder” (respectful term of address for any adult to whom one is realted who is older than oneself)
    so” elm. adult kin (older); cousin or uncle/“aunt” who is senior, older than oneself
    sol rel. without
    Sol’na name “My Aunt” (respectful term of address for a female to whom one is realted who is older than oneself)
    Sol’yu name “My Uncle” (respectful term of address for male to whom one is realted who is older than oneself)
    su elm. guide; channel; funnel; direct (in a direction)
    vcp. [securative (“sure that”)] sūl
    elm. assurance; complete faith (non-religious)
    Su.ra” line Surá
    Su’lo name Big Bro (endearment term from younger to older brother)
    Su’n.ā name Big Sister (endearment term from younger brother to older sister as an adult)
    su’sa elm. hint of flavor; light aroma
    Su’su name Big Sister (endearment term from younger brother to older sister)
    suā rel. during (an event, etc.)
    suā elm. amount of time
    sua. nlz.CLTC [in a state of X]
    suā’moa elm.CMP forever
    sua’sa elm happy; joyful
    suā’xy.oa Q. how long (of time)?
    sua’yu pn.REV they (male)
    suāhual elm.CMP any amount of time; however long (in terms of time)
    suao v.LAUD eminate/reflect
    suarungua elm.CMP estrus; fertile; fertility
    sue elm. conversation (tone is somewhat formal)
    suen pn.REV they (female)
    sueu’oa elm.CMP a talk; chit-chat; banter (informal)
    sun elm. pyā’hai sibling (older)
    sunen elm.CMP all of one’s siblings in a pyā’hai (younger and older)
    Sungā name Big Brother (endearment term from younger sister to older brother)
    sya v.NEU need (››› yo _____)
    Syang line Syang
    sye elm. becoming; become; inception
    syen num. two 2
    T.ai PN.male Tai
    t.āth pn.REV you
    t.ē v.REV please
    t.e’i elm. pride; self-assuredness (internal (private sense))
    t.e’i’xān elm. emotionally bold; fully realized vis-à-vis personality
    t.ea elm function; work; peform; behave (of machines)
    t.et’o elm. enemy
    t.i elm. young; younger; jr.; lesser in status; low-grade
    t.ii v.REV equate
    T.il’a PN.feml Tilá
    t.o v.NEU cause/produce/effect
    t.ō v.REV cause/produce/effect
    t.o yo idm. prevent
    t.ōng elm. care; oversight
    t.ot’en elm.CMP farming; agriculture (producing food)
    t.u elm. kill; murder; snuff out; extinguish; turn off
    t.ū’ong elm.CMP suicide; self-destruct
    t.uōn v.REV want/desire (››› yo _____)
    t.ye elm. steal; rob; hold up (in robbery); vandalize
    t.yonk’ao elm.CMP arrive (here)
    t’uoa col. sarcoline
    elm. building; dwelling; habitable structure
    ta’kya elm. intoxicating; high (on some substnace)
    ta’u elm. future; the future (also tao as a variant, especially in compounds)
    ta” elm. seed; egg; genetic material
    ta”ma’a elm.CMP barn; animal processing facility
    tai elm. element; part; piece
    tailue elm.CMP connector; fastner
    taixauo’a elm.CMP a particle of speech (a prefix or suffix, etc.)
    tan col. onyx
    tang’ue elm. ask (for); request; beseech
    tao elm. variant of ta’u (especially in compounds) the future; future; coming
    tao’moa elm.CMP forever (into the future); evermore
    Tao’nuasao PN. Empress
    tao’ra elm.CMP “some day”; at some point in the future.
    Tao’yusao PN. Emperor
    tao” elm. rein; rule; control
    taong elm. remove; subtract from
    taoyo’a elm.CMP time; the abstract sense of time as a dimension
    te v.NEU please
    te v.FAM please
    te sā con.CAS “Please.” (lit: “It would make me happy.”)
    te’.ah’a elm.CMP tantalizing; sexy; “hot”
    te’a elm. adult kin (younger); cousin who is jr., younger than oneself
    tē’kui elm. arrogance; haughtiness; false-pride; arrogant
    te’o elm. find; locate; determined; identify
    te’o.ka” elm.CMP locate; discover physically after a search
    te’te elm.CMP interest (in something)
    ten elm. food; edible; nourishment
    ten” elm. almost; the great majority
    tenchui elm.CMP soup; broth
    teth elm. planet, world
    teyā elm.CMP prefer; preference
    tha elm plane; surface; board (of wood); fin (of an animal or craft)
    tha’h.ūn elm.CMP workbench
    thachā’e elm.CMP monitor/screen (typicaly for generic viewing of entertainment; etc.)
    thai elm. ease; easy; simplicity; facile
    thakōl con.FOR “I insist.”
    thakran elm.CMP table or desk at which non-manual-labor work is done
    thalā elm.CMP easel or digital tablet at which one produces art
    thaloa elm table at which one eats
    Thāng line Thaang
    thao elm. reality; precise truth; essence
    thaoa(chā’e) elm.CMP screen; computer screen; display that shows information
    thāth con.FOR “Please.” (entreatment)
    thāth elm. entreatement; begging; supplication
    The’so PN.male Theso
    then elm. eye; ocular
    thing elm. orifice, specifically NOT the mouth; anus; operculum
    thl.eh’a cnj. but nonetheless
    Thl.oan PN.male Thloan
    thla’nua pn.NEU she (overt (rare))
    thlal rel. covering; spread over; spread across; draped over
    thlan pn.NEU he/she
    thlan’yu pn.NEU he (overt (rare))
    thlang elm. love; genuine affection (emotional) for people or creatures that can return it
    thle cnj. but
    thle’a elm. propriety
    thlēng elm. begin; start; emerge; beginning
    thli elm. harnessed energy; electricity; burst of energy; power (for machines)
    thliin elm. specialized knowledge; (deep) expertise
    thlo elm. reason; cause; genesis
    Thlō line Thloh
    thlo’xy.oa Q. why?
    thlohual elm.CMP any reason
    thlōm elm. clumsiness (opposite of to’ath)
    thlūn elm. heart-soul; spirit; essence of a person (within the body and after death)
    thoth elm. irony; ironic
    thyōng elm. sad
    ti rel. with (in the sense of using a tool)
    ti elm. use; make use of; utilize; using
    tia elm. number; numeric value; numeric
    tii v.NEU equate
    tiing elm. medical science
    tiith num. eight 8
    tin’tang elm. difference; different
    ting rel. than; compared to
    ting elm. comparison; compare; relatively
    elm. business; trade; commerce
    to’.e’i rel. stuck to the side of; huddling right next to
    to’ath elm. élan (grace, professionalism, enthusiasm)
    to’athlōm elm.CMP normal; average; median; mediocre (of something graded or scored)
    to’e rel. beside
    tōal elm.CMP trade out (sell) – what you give away when you trade
    tōlo’e elm.CMP trade in (buy) – what you receive when you trade
    ton elm. fuel; energy; nourishment
    tu’sem elm. fear (angst); worry; sense of uneasiness
    tuāl elm. dance; fluid (senuous) movement
    tue” vcp. [hortative (“let’s (do something)!”)
    Tuēl line Twayl
    tuing elm. cold; frigid
    tuiping elm.CMP cool
    tūn elm. intelligence; smart
    tung elm. typical; normally ocurring; everyday (thing or situation); general; generic
    tuo pn.PEJ he/she
    tuom pn.PEJ they
    tuon v.NEU want/desire (››› yo _____)
    Ty.on line Tyon
    tya elm. kind; type; version
    tya’xy.oa Q. what kind?
    tyahual elm.CMP any kind
    tyao cnj. or
    Tye’lo name “My Jr.” / “Cousin” (respectful term of address for any adult to whom one is realted who is younger than oneself)
    Tyel’na name “My Jr.” / “Cousin” (respectful term of address for any female to whom one is realted who is younger than oneself)
    Tyel’yu name “My Jr.” / “Cousin” (respectful term of address for any male to whom one is realted who is younger than oneself)
    tyi elm. chamber; pocket; enclosing holder; sheath
    tyo’ma elm. culture; unified system of value
    tyon elm. come
    tyonxy.a’u elm.CMP arrive (at a point in time), spend time up to a point
    tyung elm. law; legality; rules
    ū elm. lust; physical attraction; sexual arousal
    U.al PN.male Wal
    u.an.ath elm. shock (rage; anger; negative)
    U.e’o PN.feml Weó
    u.ii elm. the unknown; lack of knowledge
    u.in’a elm. release; letting go; being unfettered; free; unbound
    u.o num. seven 7
    u.on elm. responsibility; perseverance; seeing-it-through
    u’ua v.LAUD cause/produce/effect
    u’nyaxyetao elm.CMP future generations (un nya xye ta’u (tao))
    u’oalye elm.CMP address; give a speech to
    u’oalyeyan elm.CMP lecture (in an academic setting)
    u’to coj. to (in the pattern “go (.uai) to make X,” or “come (tyon) to make Y”) contraction of u (uth) + t.o
    ua elm. peace; serenity; calmness; “inner peace”
    uā’uang elm. whine; make a fuss over something
    ua’yu pn.REV he
    Uai’i line Wy’i
    uai’sa elm. ready; rediness; prepared; set up; all set; standing by
    uan elm. comfort; be comfortable
    uang elm. wise (through experience and older age); naming infix for older relatives after yue
    uangpyō elm.CMP “senior sage” also uangpyōhyi (prestigious senior sage)
    uao elm. boss; chief; leader
    uāo elm. cry; cry out; howl
    ue rel. special version of e with multiple singular attributes
    pn.SRV We (inclusive)
    ue’a elm. describe; talk about; tell about; present
    uen pn.REV she
    ueth nlz. [objective]
    ueth elm. target; objective
    ui’la col. umber
    uin” elm. temperature
    uing elm. incoming; internal; interior; arrive; enter; import
    un elm. set; collection; series
    unxauo’.a’e’nu elm.CMP a phrase (a subset of a sentence (also unuo’.a’e’nu)
    unxauo’a elm.CMP sentence (a string of words)
    uo cnj. to (in the pattern “go (.uai) to do X,” or “come (tyon) to do Y”) contraction of u (uth) + o
    uo’a elm. speech; talking; speak; talk say
    Uo’al PN.male Wóal
    uōching elm.CMP confess; tell the truth; admit (something)
    uong elm. bits; particles; dust; fragments
    uōng elm. urinate; deficate; spit; eject (liquid)
    uth (u) cnj. and
    uth (u) elm. add
    x.ū v.REV try/attempt (››› yo _____)
    X’yan elm. Xi’an (formal abbreviation)
    X’yan elm. Xi’an (official abbreviation used by the Xi’an)
    Xa name nano-second
    xa. nlz.CLTC [simple tool or biological organ for X]
    xā’ye elm. rigid; firm; unbending; hard
    xān elm. confident; bold;
    xauo’a elm.CMP word; discrete part of speech (divided by spaces (also taiuo’a in the technical sense))
    xauo’alue elm.CMP relational particle or elemental used in this fashion (also taiuo’alue and taixauo’alue)
    xaxuan elm.CMP toy (as children might play with); piece of sports equipment
    xe’ri elm. clever; smart; creative
    xē’s.o’e elm.CMP collaboration; cooperation; cooperative; cooperate
    xē’suelen con.FOR “Greetings” “How do you do”
    xē’sueren con.SEMFOR “Greetings” “How do you do”
    xe’thlūn elm. commune; connect deeply (emotionally)
    xē” elm. meeting; coming together; joining
    Xi’an elm. Xi’an
    xii rel. at a point in time (of the clock)
    xii chj. when (point in time)
    xii elm. a point or some points in time
    xii’hyan elm.CMP always; consistently (from xii e hyan)
    xii’ra elm.CMP sometime; sometimes (from xii e ra)
    xii’xi elm.CMP often; a lot; all the time
    xii’xy.oa Q. when (at what (point in) time?
    xiihual elm.CMP whenever
    xiin elm. writing; composing
    xiin’t.osy’e’yan elm.CMP introduction
    xiiyā elm.CMP again (adv.); o xiiya (repeat); o xiiyāxue’a (update)
    xiiyāxue’a elm.CMP renewal; update
    xo’ma elm. success; succeed; win (a competitino)
    xo’xyo elm. similarity
    xu v.NEU try/attempt (››› yo _____)
    xua v.FAM need (››› yo _____)
    xuā’cha elm. fire; burning; combustion
    xuai elm. give (sense of hand over; deliver)
    xuan elm. game; play; fun
    xue’a elm. new; novel; innovation
    xui v.FAM try/attempt (››› yo _____)
    xy.ai num. hundred thousand 100,000
    xy.ii’u(ang)/(pyō) elm.CMP great great great grandmother (mother’s lineage)
    xy.iikua(p’yō) elm.CMP great great great great grandmother (mother’s lineage)
    xy.iip’ua(ng) elm.CMP great great grandmother (mother’s lineage)
    xy.iis’ye elm.CMP great grandmother (mother’s lineage)
    xy.iiy’a elm.CMP grandmother (mother’s mother)
    Xy.ō line Shoh
    xy.oa Q.sffx which (what)?
    Xyā’xya name “Granny”/“Nana” (endearment term used by children for any grand-mother)
    xyam elm. barrier; wall; shield
    xyang cnj. due to the matter of
    xyao elm. mean; meaning; semantic; signify; significance
    xye elm. child; immaturity
    xyē’na elm. relax and have a good time; chill out; relaxation
    xye’pi elm.CMP infant; baby; pre-toddler (of a stranger or any unrelated person)
    xye’uai elm.CMP toddler; young child who has begun to walk
    xyi rel. from; eminating from; starting with
    xyiing elm. wild; raw; untamed or untamable
    xyo elm. home; residence
    xyo.y’en elm.CMP rented/tempoary houseing; an apartment; a dormitory; etc.
    xyopuānghui elm. apartment complex
    xyū v.LAUD do
    y.a’u deix. this (after an indicated noun)
    Y.ah’a PN.feml Yahá
    y.āng elm. sleep; rest; uncounscious
    y.e cnj. while (durative)
    y.e’a deix. yon (away from both of us) (after an indicated noun)
    y.i’i col. eburnian
    y.om elm. tunnel; hallway; passageway connecting rooms or caves; tubing
    y.ong elm. point (in physical space); location (on a map, etc.)
    Y.ū PN.male Yuu
    y.ui rel. in response to
    y.un’i elm. alternate; option; other; another (different) one
    Y’ū name “Hubs”/“Husby”/“Man” (to a male from a male partner (typically))
    ya elm. sense; detect; intuit (from avaialbe information)
    ya elm.SRV “epic” (holy, in the sense of ‘beyond belief’)
    elm. more
    ya’i v.LAUD need (››› yo _____)
    yā’i elm. patience and perseverence
    ya’nai elm.CMP learn; commit to memory
    yā’suith elm. fright; terror
    ya’than col. caesious
    yai rel. regarding; about; on the matter of
    yāi elm. clothing; garments
    yal elm. sentient being; sentient; posessing consciousness
    yāl elm. female sex; female organ
    yal’ma elm.CMP animal (with which a relationshiop is possible); pet
    yalnya elm.CMP “a people”; race; species (of intelligent creatures with culture)
    yalyuai elm.CMP an “alien intelligence”; sentience (of an unidentified nature)
    yan elm. student
    yāng̦ pn.NEU we (exclusive)
    yao vcp. [abilitive (“can”)] yaol
    yao elm. ability; skill
    yath num. one 1
    ye elm. a generic day (not necessarily corresponding to celestial movements)
    Ye’ua line Yewa
    yeā v.IMP do
    yekrū v.IMP need (››› yo _____)
    yemā v.IMP try/attempt (››› yo _____)
    yen cnj. as X (of “as X as Y”)
    yen _____ yon _____ cnj. as X as Y
    yen” elm. temporary; impermaent; fading (of colors, etc.)
    yeng elm. fire; burn
    yenū v.IMP be of a class
    yeōn v.IMP cause/produce/effect
    yesā v.IMP eminate/reflect
    yeth elm. knowledge; awareness
    yethē v.IMP please
    yetō v.IMP want/desire (››› yo _____)
    yeyiing v.IMP equate
    yi elm. belief; adherence to
    yi. nlz.CLTC [“-ism”/“-ity”]; system of; belief in; dogma of X; affinity or proclivity towards X
    yi’.ān elm. beautiful; attractive; compelling; beauty
    yi’a elm. convey; transmit; communicate; message
    yi’o v.LAUD please
    yi’oa n. data
    yi’p.ūh’yath elm.CMP the military (defense) branch of the bureaucracy
    yi’p.ūt’ung elm.CMP the general bureaucracy (non-military service)
    yii’lai elm.CMP non-kindred
    yii’yu elm.CMP paternal ancestor (grandfather)
    yii” elm. flow; transmission (biological); fertility
    Yiim PN.feml Yiim
    yilen elm.CMP harmony; peace among different factions
    yin elm. bump; swelling; mound
    yith elm. fire; eject (non-liquid); expel (non-liquid)
    yo nlz. [subjuntive clause head]
    yo elm. missing element; lack (e yo to’ath (e) no’a)
    nlz. yo contracted with o
    yo. nlz.CLTC [lacking X; witout X]
    yo’n.ao col. white (lacking all color)
    yo” elm. alive; living; surviving
    yoa elm. past; the past; history
    yoaith elm.CMP sickness; disorder; disease
    yoii elm.CMP darkness; blackness
    yon cnj. as Y (of “as X as Y”)
    yōn elm. pseudo; unofficial; quasi (infix)
    yonai elm.CMP confusion
    yoso elm.CMP alone; on one’s on; without help or assistance
    yoten elm.CMP famine; a lack of food
    yothai elm.CMP hard; difficult; not easy
    yoxii elm.CMP infrequent; not often
    yoyāi elm.CMP naked; nude; without clothing
    yu elm. male
    yu.yii” elm. father (clinical term); stud
    yu.yii” elm.CMP biological father, clinical term
    Yu’.ii name Father (reverential)
    Yu’.ii name Father – The polite & reverant word for another’s father or one’s own
    yu’.o elm. try out; taste; try on; give something new a chance
    yu’.och’ā’e elm. a guided visual introduction or tour
    yu’a elm. gray to black market; quasi-criminal
    Yu’a-________ PN.role Quasi-criminal employed in _________
    yu’a.r’o PN.role ‘heavy’ who carries weapons
    yu’a.r’o’p.ut’o’ath PN.role sharpshooter assassin
    yu’a•o.r’o PN.role non-sharpshooter assasin; “mercinary”
    yu’aoa’u.ii PN.role snitch; informant
    yu’ariimya(tō) PN.role (money) launderer
    yu’ariioa’r.u PN.role rumor monger; fake news creator; double-agent misinformant
    yu’at.o’a’r.u PN.role rumor monger; fake news creator; double-agent misinformant
    yu’at.ōngh’uitā PN.role collector (for a loanshark or security bribe) literally: ‘caregiver for the neighborhood’
    yu’at.ōngya PN.role bodyguard
    Yu’i name Daddy, Dad
    Yu’i name Father – what children and adults call their fathers
    yu’pa elm. soft; squishy; flexible
    yu” num. four 4
    yuai elm. value; worth
    yue elm. experience; go through/live through something; immersiion in X; naming element for elders
    yue elm. naming suffix for mature experienced professionals
    yuē pn.NEU We (inclusive)
    yueuang elm.CMP generic title word for “elder
    yuexuan elm.CMP gaming experience; simulation (for fun)
    yute’.ah’a n. hot man; stud; beaux
    yuth elm. reward; compensation (for effort); salary
    zai pn.SRV y’all